Dr Joanna Groom

Dr Joanna Groom



Dr Joanna Groom at a microscope



BSc AppSci CSU BSc (Hons) Melbourne PhD UNSW

Laboratory Head


Lab focus: mechanisms of immune diversity

Our immune system works to protect against different types of pathogens, such as viral, bacterial, fungal and helminth infections. 

Our laboratory aims to decipher the integration of immune cell interactions, differentiation and function that maintain such extraordinary flexibility. 

By understanding how diversity is established, we can identify ways to steer this process. Our goal is to apply this knowledge to provide new avenues to drive responses towards protection from infection and away from autoimmunity.

Research interest

Our lab uses a multi-disciplinary approach to dissect the cellular interactions that underpin immune protection and disease. Our major interests are:

  • Defining the transcriptional networks that mediate flexible immune responses
  • Identifying factors that promote cell migration, and determining how these factors influence responses to infection or successful vaccination.
  • Determining where cell differentiation decisions occur during immune responses.
  • Identifying novel mechanisms that resolve inflammation to limit immune pathology and establish protective memory.
  • Identifying strategies to target these processes as treatments for infectious and inflammatory disease.

Systems we use include:

  • Diverse infection models (viral, bacterial, helminth and fungal) to study flexible immune responses.
  • Advanced imaging methods including whole 3D organ imaging and time-lapse imaging of cell migration decisions.
  • Development and analysis of reporter and conditional knockout models to identify how new factors regulate immune protection and memory responses.
  • Global gene expression profiling of cells based on cellular interactions and positioning during immune responses.
  • Proteomics approaches to discover factors that control immune memory maintenance and function.

Combining these tools provides a powerful approach to determine the overall impact of cell migration and interaction on immune responses during diverse immune responses. Additionally, these approaches allow us to identify new targets for the strategic design of vaccines and therapies for infectious and inflammatory diseases.

A gene discovery by our scientists shows why eating green leafy vegetables is even more important than previously thought.