Nadia Kershaw - projects

Nadia Kershaw - projects

Researcher: 

Research projects 

Structure and Function of the Thrombopoietin Receptor

The cytokine Thrombopoietin (Tpo) controls the maintenance of blood stem cells as well as the numbers of platelet in the blood. Clinically, excessive signalling through the molecule that recognises Tpo (the Thrombopoietin Receptor) causes a type of blood cancer called myeloproliferative disease.

The architecture of TpoR is distinct from any other cytokine receptor and there is a complete lack of structural data for it. We have developed a recombinant expression system for Tpo and TpoR, which interact readily and we are using crystallography and CryoEM to solve the structure of the TpoR:TpoR complex. We are also using our unique reagents and structural information to developing novel strategies for inhibiting excessive TpoR signalling, with the aim of generating new treatments for myeloproliferative disease. This work is in collaboration with the Babon Lab (WEHI).

Structural and mechanistic studies on Suppressors of Cytokine Signaling.

The Suppressors of Cytokine Signalling (SOCS) have long been studied at WEHI for their role in negative regulation of cytokine signalling. The Kershaw and Babon Labs have made a significant contribution to basic research in this area, solving the first structures of SOCS1 as the first structures of SOCS1 and SOCS3 bound to the JAK kinase domain. More recently, with the advent of immunotherapy as an exciting treatment option for cancer, inhibiting the SOCS proteins provides a possible route to boost the efficacy of current immunotherapy approaches. We are studying the mechanism of SOCS proteins and other negative regulators of cytokine signaling such as LNK and PTP1B. This work is in collaboration with the Babon Lab (WEHI).

 

Novel modulators of T-cell activity in autoimmunity and cancer

T cells are a critical part of a healthy immune system, and T-cell activation is one of several key events required to successfully mount an immune response. Soluble CTLA4 proteins block T cell activation, and are already in use as therapeutics for Rheumatoid Arthritis and organ transplant rejection (e.g Abatacept), but recent publications from several groups indicate the mode of action of current CTLA4-based therapeutics may be more complex that initially thought. We are exploring novel CTLA4-fusions and their potential as immunomodulatory therapeutics. This project involves rational design of CTLA4 variants with altered immunomodulatory activity, and structural studies on the mode of binding with target proteins, to allow further refinement as therapeutics as well as elucidation of the mode of action.  This work is in collaboration with Ross Dickins (Monash).

https://supervisorconnect.med.monash.edu/projects/novel-immunosuppressive-mechanisms-ctla4-and-ctla4-ig-therapies